Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) is a kind of electrotherapy that involves stimulating muscular contraction by using electrical impulses. EMS aims to improve muscle strength, decrease swelling, alleviate aches and pain, and speed the healing of wounds.
The term "neuromuscular electrical stimulation," or NEMS, refers to a technique that employs high intensities to elicit muscle contractions by stimulating the peripheral nerves. EMS and/or NEMS are often combined with lymphatic drainage compression or pressotherapy as a precursor. These therapies offer a more complete stimulation and recovery. Lymphatic massage is believed to enhance the affects of Electrical Muscle Stimulation.
EMS is often used with professional athletes but has also become more commonly offered as a Day Spa treatment for its many benefits. As a spa treatment EMS is often applied as a time-saver to target specific muscles. EMS is most commonly used on abs in the spa environment.
Impulses are produced by a device and sent to the target muscles through electrodes, which are pads that adhere to the skin and are placed in the centre of the muscles that need to be stimulated. The EMS's impulse is designed to replicate the action potential, which is the stimulation necessary to trigger a muscle to contract. This potential originates in the central nervous system. This results in the muscles being more contracted.
Benefits of Electric Muscle Stimulation
If there is a reason why Electric Muscle Stimulation is attractive, it is because of the many advantages that can be obtained via the usage of this technique. We will identify the following among these advantages:
Achieve Greater Muscle Activation
When it comes to providing electrical stimulation, a variety of frequencies are at your disposal. Because of this, we will be able to activate either a certain kind of muscle fibers or other types of muscle fibers.
Very low frequencies, those that are less than 10 Hz, increase blood circulation in the muscles; as a result, these very low frequencies provide a decontracting and relaxing impact. They also promote the production of endorphins, which helps the body feel better.
The activation of type I fibers, also known as slow fibers, will be caused by low frequencies, which may be found between 10 and 35 Hz. These are the fibers that are often called upon to perform during aerobic-style workouts or sports that require prolonged exertion.
The mixed fibers, also referred to as IIa fibers, are the ones that come into play when we are at the intermediate point between an aerobic and an anaerobic effort. The frequencies that fall between 35 and 50 Hz are responsible for working these fibers, and they are the ones that are worked by the intermediate-type frequencies.
The fastest fibers, known as II b fibers, are the ones that are activated when high frequencies, over 50 Hz, are applied. These fibers are the ones that are engaged in explosive and anaerobic-type activities, which are defined as having extremely high intensity and a very short duration.
EMS is a Major Time Saver
Going to a gymnasium, an athletics track, or any other location that offers the opportunity to train for a sport is unnecessary since electrostimulation of the muscles may be performed in any setting.
Because there are no timetables that we need to stick to in order to use an electrostimulator, any gap in our routine will be legitimate to use this form of muscle activity. Other than this, there are no schedules that we need to adhere to.
Being Able to Work the Muscle in a Localized Way with EMS
In addition to allowing for the strength of this activity to be adjusted, the electrodes of the muscular electrostimulator make it possible to perform targeted contractions on each individual muscle. This makes EMS for physical therapy superior to traditional resistance training.
Completing this customized task will require a greater financial investment because it is more difficult to tailor the traditional physical training to obtain the same level of specificity as is achievable with the electrostimulator.
EMS is Safe, No Risk of Joint or Bone Injury
One of the primary concerns that any athlete has is the risk of being hurt. When anything like this happens, training has to be stopped, and with it, whatever physical development that was being made is halted.
However, when utilizing muscle electrostimulation, the nature of the physical task may be changed to incorporate electrostimulation. This allows for the substitution of specific activities, which in turn reduces the likelihood of damage.
When an injury occurs, the bones, tendons, and ligaments are all more sensitive than usual. If electrostimulation is being employed, these components should not be brought into play; hence, the possibility of sustaining damage to them is quite low.
Because of this, electrostimulation is a highly legitimate kind of muscle activity when a joint injury of some kind has been sustained; or when a rehabilitation process is underway, and regular physical exercise cannot be conducted.
Delay Muscle Fatigue with Electrical Muscle Stimulation
As we have seen, electrostimulation enables you to work at varying intensities, which is a significant benefit. Because of this, we will be able to get used to the muscle without experiencing the typical feelings of fatigue or weariness.
Electrical Stimulation Provides Improvement in Vascularization
We have previously said that low frequencies will be beneficial to blood circulation to the muscles. Capillarization will be able to rise as a result of this, which will favor the job done by the muscle fibers.
EMS Allows You to Work More Closely Related to a Specific Sport
We have previously mentioned how time-saving muscle electrostimulation may be for athletes who choose to make use of it. Sport Trainers and coaches are among the earliest adopters of Electrical Muscle Stimulation and continue to make use of it.
Because of this time savings, training will be able to be carried out much more focused on other kinds of activities and aptitudes, leading to improved sports planning and execution.